CSSH Publications on Enslavement and Forced Labor

In August 2019, The New York Times published a series of essays that examined the 400-year history of the transatlantic slave trade and its impact on American society.

Since its inception, CSSH has published groundbreaking essays on slavery, enslaved persons, and (forced) labor across different time periods and geographic locations. Inspired by “The 1619 Project,” we’ve put together a selection of these essays going back almost sixty years. While the analytical lenses, approaches, and terminologies have changed greatly over time, these essays reflect CSSH’s longstanding commitment to historical and comparative perspectives on current sociopolitical, economic, and racial issues.


Subrahmanyam, Sanjay. 2019. “Between Eastern Africa and Western India, 1500–1650: Slavery, Commerce, and Elite Formation.” (CSSH 61-4).

Abel, Sarah, George F. Tyson, Gisli Palsson. 2019. “From Enslavement to Emancipation: Naming Practices in the Danish West Indies.” (CSSH 61-2).

Karamursel, Ceyda. 2017. “Transplanted Slavery, Contested Freedom, and Vernacularization of Rights in the Reform Era Ottoman Empire.” (CSSH 59-3).

Murray Li, Tania. 2017. “The Price of Un/Freedom: Indonesia’s Colonial and Contemporary Plantation Labor Regimes.” (CSSH 59-2).

Grant, Daragh. 2015. “Civilizing” the Colonial Subject: The Co-Evolution of State and Slavery in South Carolina, 1670–1739.” (CSSH 57-3).

Robins, Jonathan E. 2012.”Slave Cocoa and Red Rubber: E. D. Morel and the Problem of Ethical Consumption.” (CSSH 54-3).

Foner, Nancy, and Richard Alba. 2010. “Immigration and the Legacies of the Past: The Impact of Slavery and the Holocaust on Contemporary Immigrants in the United States and Western Europe.” (CSSH 52-4).


Graham, Sandra Lauderdale. 2007. “Writing from the Margins: Brazilian Slaves and Written Culture.”(CSSH 49-3).

Newton, Melanie J. 2005. “The King v. Robert James, a Slave, for Rape: Inequality, Gender, and British Slave Amelioration, 1823–1834.” (CSSH 47-3).

Dal Lago, Enrico. 2005. “‘States of Rebellion’: Civil War, Rural Unrest, and the Agrarian Question in the American South and the Italian Mezzogiorno, 1861–1865.” (CSSH 47-2).

Newbury, David. 2005. “Returning Refugees: Four Historical Patterns of “Coming Home” to Rwanda.” (CSSH 47-2).

Brown, Margaret L. 2004. “Reclaiming Lost Ancestors and Acknowledging Slave Descent: Insights from Madagascar.” (CSSH 46-3).

Penny, Glenn H. 2003. “The Politics of Anthropology in the Age of Empire: German Colonists, Brazilian Indians, and the Case of Alberto Vojtěch Frič.” (CSSH 45-2).

Tomich, Dale. 2003. “The Wealth of Empire: Francisco Arango y Parreño, Political Economy, and the Second Slavery in Cuba.” (CSSH 45-1)

Scott, Rebecca, and Michael Zeuske. 2002. “Property in Writing, Property on the Ground: Pigs, Horses, Land, and Citizenship in the Aftermath of Slavery, Cuba, 1880–1909.” (CSSH 44-4).

Helg, Aline. 2000. “Black Men, Racial Stereotyping, and Violence in the U.S. South and Cuba at the Turn of the Century.” (CSSH 42-3).


Edelman, Marc. 1998. “A Central American Genocide: Rubber, Slavery, Nationalism, and the Destruction of the Guatusos-Malekus.” (CSSH 40-2).

Nwokeji, G. Ugo. 1998. “The Slave Emancipation Problematic: Igbo Society and the Colonial Equation.” (CSSH 40-2).

Rosivach, Vincent J. 1993. “Agricultural Slavery in the Northern Colonies and in Classical Athens: Some Comparisons.” (CSSH 35-3).


Taussig, Michael. 1984. “Culture of Terror – Space of Death. Roger Casement’s Putumayo Report and the Explanation of Torture.” (CSSH 26-3).

Green, William A. 1984. “The Perils of Comparative History: Belize and the British Sugar Colonies after Slavery.” (CSSH 26-1).

Bolland, O. Nigel. 1981. “Systems of Domination after Slavery: The Control of Land and Labor in the British West Indies after 1838.” (CSSH 23-4).

Graham, Richard. 1981. “Slavery and Economic Development: Brazil and the United States South in the Nineteenth Century.” (CSSH 23-4).


Hill, Polly. 1976. “From Slavery to Freedom: The Case of Farm-Slavery in Nigerian Hausaland.” (CSSH 18-3).


Klein, Herbert S. 1966. “Anglicanism, Catholicism and the Negro Slave.” (CSSH 8-3).

Finley, M. I. 1964. “Between Slavery and Freedom.” (CSSH 6-3).